Lawrence of Arabia
Lawrence of Arabia
The story of British officer T.E. Lawrence's mission to aid the Arab tribes in their revolt against the Ottoman Empire during the First World War. Lawrence becomes a flamboyant, messianic figure in the cause of Arab unity but his psychological instability threatens to undermine his achievements.
Mohamed El Habachi
Anne V. Coates
Charles E. Parker
Robert A. Harris
Kenneth J. Withers
Taglines: After five years… the first motion picture from the creators of “The Bridge On The River Kwai.”
Thomas Edward Lawrence, a British intelligence officer who played a large role in the Great Arab Uprising of 1916-1918, is considered a war hero both in his homeland and in several Arab countries in the Middle East. The epic work of David Lean, which we recommend you watch online, is dedicated to the life story of this great man. Lawrence of Arabia was awarded seven Oscars and is still considered one of the best British films. A serious, devoid of pathos, historically reliable movie captivates with its atmosphere, captivates with acting, and captivates with music.
The multi-genre canvas fully reveals the problems of war and peace, politics and friendship, honor and ambition, the desired and reality. The young officer Lawrence is only ridiculed by colleagues. Fragile physique, delicate face, in appearance it completely does not fit into the harsh army everyday life. Knowledge of the Arabic language opens Thomas the way to intelligence. Before the British there is an endless desert and a great, full of achievements, future.
The story of T.E. Lawrence, the English officer who successfully united and led the diverse, often warring, Arab tribes during World War I in order to fight the Turks.
Based on Seven Pillars of Wisdom by T. E. Lawrence
Creators: Robert Bolt, Michael Wilson
Director: David Lean
Star Cast: Alec Guinness, Anthony Quinn, Jack Hawkins, José Ferrer, Anthony Quayle, Claude Rains, Arthur Kennedy, Omar Sharif, Peter O’Toole
Producer (s): Sam Spiegel
Cinematographer: F.A. Young
Music: Maurice Jarre
Production House: Horizon Pictures
Original network / Official Sites: Columbia Pictures
Release Year: 11 December 1962 (UK)
Runtime: 228 min (1988) (restored)
Genres: Adventure, Biography, Drama, History, War
Language: English, Arabic, Turkish
The film is presented in two parts, divided by an intermission.
Part I: The film opens in 1935, when Lawrence is killed in a motorcycle accident. At his memorial service at St Paul’s Cathedral, a reporter tries, with little success, to gain insights into the remarkable, enigmatic man from those who knew him.
The story then moves back to the First World War. Lawrence is a misfit British Army lieutenant who is notable for his insolence and education. Over the objections of General Murray, Mr. Dryden of the Arab Bureau sends him to assess the prospects of Prince Faisal in his revolt against the Turks. On the journey, his Bedouin guide, Tafas, is killed by Sherif Ali for drinking from his well without permission. Lawrence later meets Colonel Brighton, who orders him to keep quiet, make his assessment, and leave. Lawrence ignores Brighton’s orders when he meets Faisal, and his outspokenness piques the prince’s interest.
Brighton advises Faisal to retreat after a major defeat, but Lawrence proposes a daring surprise attack on Aqaba. Its capture would provide a port from which the British could offload much-needed supplies. The town is strongly fortified against a naval assault but only lightly defended on the landward side. He convinces Faisal to provide fifty men, led by a pessimistic Sherif Ali. The teenage orphans Daud and Farraj attach themselves to Lawrence as servants. They cross the Nefud Desert, considered impassable even by the Bedouins, and travel day and night on the last stage to reach water. One of Ali’s men, Gasim, succumbs to fatigue and falls off his camel unnoticed during the night. When Lawrence discovers him missing, he turns back and rescues Gasim, and Sherif Ali is won over. He gives Arab robes to Lawrence to wear.
Lawrence persuades Auda abu Tayi, the leader of the powerful local Howeitat tribe, to turn against the Turks. Lawrence’s scheme is almost derailed when one of Ali’s men kills one of Auda’s because of a blood feud. Since retaliation by the Howeitat would shatter the fragile alliance, Lawrence declares that he will execute the murderer himself. Lawrence is then stunned to discover that the culprit is Gasim, the man whom he risked his own life to save in the desert, but Lawrence shoots him anyway.
The next morning, the Arabs overrun the Turkish garrison. Lawrence heads to Cairo to inform Dryden and the new commander, General Allenby, of his victory. While crossing the Sinai Desert, Daud dies when he stumbles into quicksand. Lawrence is promoted to major and given arms and money for the Arabs. He is deeply disturbed and confesses that he enjoyed executing Gasim, but Allenby brushes aside his qualms. Lawrence asks Allenby whether there is any basis for the Arabs’ suspicions that the British have designs on Arabia. When pressed, Allenby states that there is none.
Part II: Lawrence launches a guerrilla war by blowing up trains and harassing the Turks at every turn. An American war correspondent, Jackson Bentley publicises Lawrence’s exploits and makes him famous. On one raid, Farraj is badly injured. Unwilling to leave him to be tortured by the enemy, Lawrence shoots him dead before he flees.
When Lawrence scouts the enemy-held city of Deraa with Ali, he is taken, along with several Arab residents, to the Turkish Bey. Lawrence is stripped, ogled, and prodded. Then, for striking out at the Bey, he is severely flogged before he is thrown into the street. The experience leaves Lawrence shaken. He returns to British headquarters in Cairo but does not fit in.
A short time later in Jerusalem, General Allenby urges him to support the “big push” on Damascus. Lawrence hesitates to return but finally relents.
Lawrence recruits an army that is motivated more by money than by the Arab cause. They sight a column of retreating Turkish soldiers, who have just massacred the residents of Tafas. One of Lawrence’s men is from Tafas and demands, “No prisoners!” When Lawrence hesitates, the man charges the Turks alone and is killed. Lawrence takes up the dead man’s battle cry; the result is a slaughter in which Lawrence himself participates. He then regrets his actions.
Lawrence’s men take Damascus ahead of Allenby’s forces. The Arabs set up a council to administer the city, but the desert tribesmen prove ill-suited for such a task. Despite Lawrence’s efforts, they bicker constantly. Unable to maintain the public utilities, the Arabs soon abandon most of the city to the British.
Lawrence is promoted to colonel and immediately ordered back to Britain, as his usefulness to both Faisal and the British is at an end. As he leaves the city, his automobile is passed by a motorcyclist, who leaves a trail of dust in his wake.